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ADULT CARDIAC VASCULAR SURGERY
- General Information
-Heart disease symptoms
-Steps in the formation of the veins of the heart contraction
-What is your risk of heart attack?
-What can high-risk individuals?
-What are the symptoms of a heart attack?
- What can be done instantly from a heart attack?
-What is the center of a heart attack?
After recovering from a heart attack do-
-Heart health-oriented lifestyle
- Heart disease diagnostic methods
-Invasive cardiology treatment methods
-Coronary intensive care
-Surgical treatment methods
-Cardiac rehabilitation
- Life after heart surgery
- Heart of preparations prior to surgery
-Coronary heart disease
- Heart valve diseases
- Congenital heart disease
- Large vessels in the aneurysm, rupture and contraction
Palpitation
The heart rate to rise suddenly (from 100-300 beats per minute), or the dropping (30-40 beats per minute, etc.) as a result of the heart or irregular heart beat, depending on where it is felt in the chest feeling of palpitations.

Syncope (Fainting)
Where standing is usually a sudden loss of consciousness coming to its state of aggregation, and a short time later. May be a sign of an extremely serious such as heart disease caused by a large number of less serious reasons.

The feet, swelling (edema)
Both ankle, foot swelling due to accumulation of higher or lower leg is önkısmında water. Such as heart failure may be due to a severe liver or kidney failure may be dependent on. Definitely should be investigated.

Stepwise Formation of the coronary arteries, narrowing
Cardiovascular Health:
Normal vascular membrane is covered with a very thin inner surface (endothelium). This membrane fluidity of the blood and secrete substances that prevent the formation of clots in blood vessels.

New Defined Risk Factors 1. Homocysteine (blood level)
2. Levels of fibrinogen and
3. CRP (blood level)
4. Lipoprotein-a

HEART DISEASE DIAGNOSTIC METHODS
• Exercise Test (stress test)
Exercise testing can be applied in two ways
• Stress Test ECG (Electrocardiogram)
• Stress echocardiography (echocardiography) (exertion or medicated)
• Echocardiography and Color Doppler
• Cardiac Catheterization and Coronary Angiography
• Holter Monitor (heart rhythm or blood pressure Holter)
24 hours a day and follow the rhythm of the heart, called a Holter recording is carried out with the device. • Electrophysiological Study.
• Cardiac MRI
• Nuclear Cardiology
Interventional cardiology
• Coronary angioplasty and stent
• Balloon valvuloplasty
• Catheter Ablation
• Pace Maker (Pacemaker)
• AICD (Automatic Implantable Cardiac Electroshock Device Plug-in)
SURGICAL TREATMENT
Coronary by-pass surgery
Heart Valve Surgery
Aortic and other artery (the artery) Surgery
CARDIAC REHABILITATION
Who can benefit from cardiac rehab?
• those who had open heart surgery
• those who have had a heart attack
• patients with heart failure
• Cardiac rehabilitation after coronary balloon angioplasty or stent Target What is it?
• accelerate the process of the return to normal life after heart surgery
• increase the capacity of the person exercising
• reduce complaints of shortness of breath, chest tightness, and to eliminate
• Non-combat techniques to de-stress
• High blood pressure and high cholesterol control
• the risk of heart attack and minimize the possibility of re-hospitalization

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